“New York is such a good newspaper town… One of the reasons I’ve been successful and sort of made ‘In The Papers’ a calling card, is that I believe that I have a good sense of what people will find interesting. Ultimately, that’s what they’re turning to me for. They’re busy, they can’t or don’t want to read all the papers, but they want to know what’s in them, and they’re trusting me to do the curation. People have told me that I was logging and content curating before either of those terms were popular.”—NY1 morning anchor Pat Kiernan on curation tactics, getting up early, and calling it done. (via curiositycounts)
The Atlantic published an alarmist story yesterday morning trying to link a Chinese study from last year about small RNA molecules passing from plants to humans to the “need” to ring the alarm bells when it comes to GMO food toxicity (if the food in question is even “toxic”).
Kia introduces Korea’s First Production Electric Vehicle (EV)
by CGR Staff Writer
(SEOUL) December 22, 2011 – Kia Motors introduced Korea’s first electric vehicle today (Thursday), with the launch of the new Kia Ray EV – a zero-emissions city car with lively performance and a range of up to 139 km (86 miles) on a single charge.
For supply exclusively to the domestic Korean market, the Kia Ray EV is a close relative of Kia’s 1.0-liter gasoline powered Ray CUV, which went on sale in Korea last month. It shares that model’s major dimensions and, in a global first for an EV manufacturer, can share a production line with conventional combustion-engine cars.
The front-wheel drive Ray EV is powered by a 50kW electric motor and a high-capacity 16.4 kWh lithium ion polymer battery pack that is engineered for a 10-year life cycle and skillfully packaged under the rear seat and cabin floor.
Although the Ray EV weighs 187 kg more than the gasoline model, the electric motor’s generous torque – 167 Nm (an increase of 77%) – ensures responsive performance. The EV’s acceleration is brisker than the gasoline models (0-to-100 kph in 15.9 seconds), while top speed is 130 kph (81 mph). Recharging times are six hours using a 220V household supply and just 25 minutes in fast-charge mode.
The Ray EV’s automatic transmission offers the driver a choice of two modes while in ‘D’ drive. ‘E’ (or ‘eco’) mode optimizes the delivery of the motor’s torque to achieve minimum battery consumption and maximum driving range. ‘B’ (or ‘brake’) mode can be selected when driving downhill on highways and on mountain roads to maximize braking power.
Bearing the same striking exterior styling as its gasoline cousin, the Kia Ray EV has four small distinguishing points. A flap in the front radiator grille covers an electricity inlet for a 220V supply for the slow recharge mode, another inlet (for the fast recharge mode) is fitted in the same location as the fuel intake of the regular models, special decals on each front door proclaim the ‘Zero Emissions EV’ message and super-smooth 14-inch alloy wheels improve aerodynamic performance by minimizing drag.
Inside, the Ray EV features a unique instrument cluster, displaying electric motor operation, battery status and distance to recharge. It is also equipped with the first-ever EV-specific navigation system that features a 7-inch screen and provides crucial information for EV drivers such as the nearest locations of the slow/fast recharging stations. The display shows a circular shaped area in which the model can travel with its
current level of battery power, so that drivers can see which destinations are reachable without a recharge.
Currently there are 500 slow/fast recharge stations in Korea, and the government plans to increase that figure to 3,100 stations by the end of 2012.
The Kia Ray EV embodies numerous innovations. The electric motor achieves 93% efficiency, which is the best in its segment. The lithium ion polymer battery’s cell is optimized and highly integrated, which has enabled its weight to be reduced by 13% and its energy density to be increased by 15% compared to competitors’ systems.
The on-board charger, current inverter, high-low voltage converter and EV-specific VCU (vehicle control unit) each features advances over previous equipment.
Ray EV is also equipped with a new type of regenerative braking system featuring an Active Hydraulic Booster that utilizes the electric motor, instead of the gasoline engine in the regular model, to create hydraulic pressure for the brake system. The result is consistent brake pedal force throughout a wide variety of driving conditions and the ability to harvest excess energy and use it to recharge the car’s battery.
Unlike regular gasoline vehicles, Ray EV generates no engine noise, which can be a potential problem with pedestrians being unaware of the approaching car. To prevent accidents, Kia has fitted Ray EV with a VESS (Virtual Engine Sound System). When driven at speeds below 20 kph (12 mph) this system delivers a mixture of recorded gasoline engine noises, which are also emitted whenever the car is backing up.
Japan and the USA are already considering the introduction of a legal requirement for EVs to have a virtual engine sound, and Kia has taken the first step to commercialize this system in order to anticipate the global industry’s trend.
To ensure that the Ray EV is as safe as gasoline cars, it is equipped with six air-bags, and electronic stability features – VDC (Vehicle Dynamics Control) and HAC (Hill Assist Control, to prevent roll-back) – as standard.
During 2012, Kia is planning to manufacture 2,500 units of the Ray EV, which will be provided to government departments and public offices as part of Kia’s long-term real- world research and development program to provide environmentally friendly transport to Kia customers around the world during the next decade.
Kia Ray EV / Technical Specification
DIMENSIONS Length 3593 mm Width 1595 mm
Height 1700 mm Wheelbase 2520 mm Kerb weight 1185 kg
POWERTRAIN Electric motor 50 kW Max power 68 ps Max torque 167 Nm (17.0 g/km)
BATTERY Power 330V Lithium ion polymer Capacity 16.4 kWh Charge time 6.0 hrs (slow) / 25 minutes (fast)
PERFORMANCE 0-to-100 kph 15.9 sec (to 62 mph) Max speed 130 kph (81 mph) Max range 139 km (86 miles)
“On climate, the group noted that “the International Energy Agency projects that, unless societies begin building alternatives to carbon-emitting energy technologies over the next five years, the world is doomed to a warmer climate, harsher weather, droughts, famine, water scarcity, rising sea levels, loss of island nations, and increasing ocean acidification.”—
More and more people and organizations are saying this. It is out of the realms now, of conspiracy theorists and doomers. Quiet, peace, thoughtful people of both liberal and conservative natures are saying this.
acckkii comment on Urban Development Rules: How C40 -City rules can make a difference for India.
For the greater cities like Mumbai, air pollution is one of the main important issues. I’m not going to discuss about CO2 bad/good, only that part of this matter in relation to the air pollution is my point. Simply, the reason is Fossil Based Fuels (FBF), is bringing us CO2, SO2, CO, and others, which when these gases are trapped in a city environmental system they would become harmful to the residents. To avoid air pollution like this, here is an idea. We should preferably choose the Electric Vehicles (EV) traveling in urban areas as the best alternative for internal combustion engines vehicles. In underground/metro, diesel powered locomotives are not working because of high air pollution situation in closed space of stations and tunnels. The power is given by the power plants outside the cities and this maintains the required clean air condition. Air pollution on the streets have become harmful as well. So EVs must be taken as a must in greater cities. In such a case, fuel distribution is changed, fuel is available as a home delivery commodity, and air pollution reduces in urban zones. The number of residents who are dying because of air pollution (almost 310 persons a day) is reduced satisfactorily. Someone may say EV technology is not capable as yet. My reply is: Traveling speed in urban ares is limited and there would be no need to high speed vehicles. Besides technology can be enhanced very quickly because EV no longer can remain as funny car.
The C40 Cities( http://live.c40cities.org/about-us/ )Climate Leadership Group (C40) is a network of large and engaged cities from around the world committed to implementing meaningful and sustainable climate-related actions locally that will help address climate change globally. The C40 was created in 2005 by former Mayor of London Ken Livingstone, and forged a partnership in 2006 with the Cities program of President Clinton’s Climate Initiative (CCI) to reduce carbon emissions and increase energy efficiency in large cities across the world.
The Tar Sands “Gigaproject” is the largest industrial project in human history and likely also the most destructive. The tar sands mining procedure releases at least three times the CO2 emissions as regular oil production and is slated to become the single largest industrial contributor in North America to Climate Change….
This article is about the oil reservoir. For the corporation, see Athabasca Oil Sands Corp. Athabasca oil sands Extent in Alberta, Canada Country Canada Region Northern Alberta Offshore/onshore Onshore, mining Coordinates 57.02°N 111.65°WCoordinates: 57.02°N 111.65°W Operator(s) Syncrude, Suncor, CNRL, Shell, Total, Imperial Oil, Petro Canada, Devon, Husky, Statoil, Nexen Partners Chevron, Marathon, ConocoPhillips, BP, Oxy Field history Discovery 1848 Start of production 1967 Production Current production of oil (barrels per day) 1,300,000 barrels per day (210,000 m3/d) Estimated oil in place (millions of barrels) 133,000 Mbbl (2.11×1010 m3)  Producing formations McMurray, Clearwater, Grand Rapids The Athabasca oil sands, historically known as the Athabasca tar sands due to perceived similarities with actual tar, are large deposits of bitumen or extremely heavy crude oil, located in northeastern Alberta, Canada - roughly centred on the boomtown of Fort McMurray. These oil sands, hosted in the McMurray Formation, consist of a mixture of crude bitumen (a semi-solid form of crude oil), silica sand, clay minerals, and water. The Athabasca deposit is the largest known reservoir of crude bitumen in the world and the largest of three major oil sands deposits in Alberta, along with the nearby Peace River and Cold Lake deposits. Together, these oil sand deposits lie under 141,000 square kilometres (54,000 sq mi) of sparsely populated boreal forest and muskeg (peat bogs) and contain about 1.7 trillion barrels (270×109 m3) of bitumen in-place, comparable in magnitude to the world’s total proven reserves of conventional petroleum. Although the CEO of Shell Canada, Clive Mather, estimates Canada’s reserves to be 2 trillion barrels (320 km3) or more, essentially 8 times more than Saudi Arabia, the IEA (International Energy Agency) lists Canada’s reserves as being 178 billion barrels (2.83×1010 m3). With modern unconventional oil production technology, at least 10% of these deposits, or about 170 billion barrels (27×109 m3) were considered to be economically recoverable at 2006 prices, making Canada’s total proven reserves the second largest in the world, after Saudi Arabia’s. The Athabasca deposit is the only large oil sands reservoir in the world which is suitable for large-scale surface mining, although most of it can only be produced using more recently developed in-situ technology.
Oil sands contain a mixture of sand, water, clay and bitumen, an extra-heavy oil that is too thick to be pumped without first being diluted or heated.
Massive trucks haul bitumen-bearing ore for processing at the Muskeg River Mine, part of Chevron’s Athabasca Oil Sands Project in Alberta, Canada.
What Chevron Is Doing
Effectively retrieving oil from sand is a tough challenge. Chevron is using its vast resources of technology and expertise to bring this energy source to market.
At the Athabasca Oil Sands Project’s Muskeg River Mine in Alberta, Canada, giant shovels capable of scooping nearly 100 tons of bitumen-bearing oil sands in one bite make the job easier. Workers at mine sites need to extract more than two tons of oil sands to produce one barrel—42 gallons—of usable crude. Chevron holds a 20 percent interest in the project.
In order to extract the bitumen from the oil sands, the ore is mixed with warm water to create a slurry. This slurry is fed into a processing unit where the bitumen is separated from the water and sand mixture. The extracted bitumen is diluted with a special solvent and then sent via pipeline to an upgrading facility near Edmonton. There, it is transformed into a wide range of premium low-sulfur and low-viscosity synthetic crude oils.
TRENDLines has tracked and published the world’s recognized oil depletion forecasts on a monthly basis since 2004. Back then its consensus inferred a Peak of 95 Mbd in 2020. Today the 16 tier-1 practitioners project 97 Mbd in 2025. My own PS-2500 model suggests PEAK DEMAND will occur upon crude price attaining $113/barrel in 2029 (100 Mbd) truncating GEOLOGIC PEAK (103 Mbd in 2031).
But congrat’s to Mike Jonas on extending the McPeakster myth (imminent peak oil) to its 24th consecutive year. Even a broken clock has a better record than this fringe group.
acckkii commented on Peak Oil - the R/P Ratio re-visited by egrey1
Peak Oil - the R/P Ratio re-visited by acckkii
The Fossil Based Fuels (FBF) have been and would remain for many years as a sustainable energy resource. The life time of this source would be extended however by means of efficient fuel consumption technology. Today, energy price and the reality to having efficient power productivity has forced the manufacturers to give a satisfactory declining trend on fuel consumptions per unit of work. The next problem can be O2. We know that only %16 of the atmosphere is oxygen. Carbon emission is not discussed here. But carbon as an energy source can be maintained much easier than O2. If we are not successful to enrich the atmosphere with adequate CO2 that we have, through photosynthesis with green zones, then O2 is a problem. As long as there is no other option for substitution of (FBF), we should take care of air pollution although CO2 is a vital combination for all the creatures living on the earth. The advantages of (FBF) are the infrastructures and powerful economical relations and ties with our living styles too. That is why other energy sources can never be attractive unless economically can give us the necessary and enough advantages.